CBD Oil in Melbourne explained
CBD oil is made up of cannabidiol (CBD) derived from the cannabis plant blended with a carrier oil. CBD is one of the many cannabinoids (compounds) in the cannabis plant and one of the major components used for therapeutic use.
Cannabidiol (CBD) and delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main cannabinoids responsible for most of the medicinal benefits of cannabis.
Medicinal cannabis (also referred to as medical marijuana) generally includes one or both of two major cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant – CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol). CBD is not psychoactive and has no psychoactive effect. This means CBD doesn’t change a person’s state of mind when using it. THC is psychoactive in that it has a mind-altering effect, known to cause a ‘high’.
What does CBD oil do?
In understanding what CBD oil (cannabidiol) does and its therapeutic benefits, we need to understand the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating our internal bodily functions and maintaining a state of balance (homeostasis). This includes sleep, appetite, reproduction, memory, inflammation, mood and more.
The endocannabinoid system is made of three main parts:
- • Endocannabinoids are the body’s own version of cannabis compounds;
- • Receptors aid absorption and mediate the effects of cannabinoids and endocannabinoids; and
- • Enzymes regulate the breakdown of endocannabinoids after completing their function.
Endocannabinoids occur naturally in our bodies. Phytocannabinoids are found in plants like the cannabis plant and can mimic the action of endocannabinoids.
Why use CBD oil?
Endocannabinoid deficiency is what researchers believe to be an underlying cause of various ailments, especially those related to inflammation and the immune system. This deficiency occurs when the body’s endocannabinoid system isn’t functioning correctly which makes the body more prone to diseases, believed to be linked to disorders like migraine, fibromyalgia, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. While more research is needed in this area, it is thought that cannabinoids – like CBD oil – can help the endocannabinoid system function properly and help reduce disease symptoms.
What are the conditions CBD oil can help treat?
CBD oil products can be used to combat various health conditions, which includes nausea, vomiting, psychosis disorders, seizures, neurodegenerative disorders, anxiety, depression, tumour growth and cancer cell growth.
What are the health benefits of CBD oil?
Medicinal cannabis products, which includes CBD, and sometimes in combination with THC, may be a valid treatment to improve quality of life for some patients. Conditions include sleep and insomnia, multiple sclerosis, chronic pain, epilepsy, PTSD, palliative care, endometriosis, cancer pain, anxiety, and anti-inflammatory benefits.
Is CBD oil legal in Melbourne?
Medicinal cannabis products, which includes CBD oil, are legally controlled drugs, regulated by the Australian government Department of Health Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the Office of Drug Control (ODC). This means that CBD oil is legal in Melbourne.
Unlike cannabis that is grown and sold illegally, the components and dose of all medicinal cannabis products, including CBD oil in Australia, are more controlled and consistent. This means the effects of medicinal cannabis are more predictable — distinctly different to street cannabis which is uncontrolled, illegal and can be contaminated with mould or solvents.
Who can get CBD Oil?
In Australia, you can get CBD oil products from a pharmacy if you have a prescription from a doctor who has followed the correct process.
The one exception is for low dose CBD products, which patients can buy over-the-counter at a pharmacy. This follows the TGA announcement on 15 December 2020, where up to a maximum of 150mg/day in adults can be supplied without prescription by pharmacists to patients over-the-counter. The products supplied are TGA approved and included on the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG).
For all other medicinal cannabis products, all registered doctors in Australia can prescribe medicinal cannabis for patients but approval is required by the Department of Health Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA). Part of the eligibility test includes a patient needing to have had the medical condition for at least three months and not responded to conventional medicine or if current treatment has intolerable side effects.
How to get CBD oil in Melbourne?
Through the TGA framework, the TGA considers each patient’s prescription of medicinal cannabis via the Special Access Scheme (SAS) application, which is submitted on the patient’s behalf by the prescribing doctor. This application includes clinical evidence and reasons for treatment, dosing routine, and length of treatment.
Other legal access pathways within the TGA framework is the Authorised Prescriber Scheme (APS) which allows doctors to prescribe medicinal cannabis for a specific condition or patient participation in Clinical Trials.
For the most current and accurate information on cannabis medicine and accessing medicinal cannabis as an alternative treatment in Australia, please visit the TGA’s Medicinal Cannabis Guidance Documents.
Where to buy CBD oil in Melbourne?
Buying CBD oil at a pharmacy requires a doctor’s prescription, approved by the TGA. With one exception being low dose CBD where patients across Australia can buy low dose CBD products (up to a maximum of 150mg/day in adults) over-the-counter at pharmacies. For all other medicinal cannabis products, a doctor’s prescription is required which is subject to TGA approval.
Although it is possible to buy CBD oil online, patients need to be aware of the shortfalls and risks. Problems in buying CBD oil online include buying the incorrect product, not taking the correct dosage, false quality claims, disclaimers, and a lack of regulation and monitoring the efficacy of the promised health benefits.
What different forms does CBD oil come in?
There are three main forms or types of CBD:
- • CBD isolate is a pure form of CBD, usually comes from a hemp plant and doesn’t contain other cannabis plant compounds. Hemp plant and cannabis plant are terms used interchangeably although there differences in hemp products compared to CBD oil products. CBD is derived from the hemp plant’s leaves, stalk and flowers whereas hemp oil comes from the seeds and does not contain CBD. Hemp and cannabis are terms used to describe a plant in the genus Cannabis (same origin/type).
- • Full-spectrum CBD products contain multiple cannabis plant extracts like essential oils and terpenes (responsible for creating a plant’s aroma or scent) and in some CBD products, up to 0.3 per cent THC (which is considered low levels of THC, not enough to cause a psychoactive effect).
- • Broad-spectrum CBD is similar to full-spectrum CBD in that it contains various compounds and cannabinoids from the cannabis plant but broad-spectrum CBD typically does not contain THC.
How do you take CBD Oil in Melbourne?
Medical cannabis is available in a number of formats which means prescriptions can be administered in a number of ways, depending on an individual’s needs. These include: breathing in vaporised dried cannabis flower and vape concentrate; ingestion or sublingual (under tongue) by swallowing cannabis oil, oral spray or softgels; and topical application where cannabis oils are added to lotions, gels or creams.
Method of consumption, dosage, concentration and individual biological factors will impact the response time to feeling the effects of a medical cannabis product. Some people use a combination of options for their treatment plan. Medicinal cannabis should not be smoked.
Once starting medicinal cannabis treatment, it is important to have review appointments with your prescribing doctor (telehealth or in person) to assess the success of your treatment plan, to discuss any side-effects and/or if your treatment is not working.
Have more questions? Contact one of our consultants at Cannatrek today.
To learn more about the health benefits of medical cannabis and accessing high quality medicinal cannabis products in Victoria, please speak to a doctor or contact Cannatrek directly on 1300 122 662. For general enquiries email firstname.lastname@example.org or for access-related enquiries email email@example.com.